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politics [2019/05/12 20:14]
greenandblack [Social Ecology and Communalism]
politics [2019/08/31 11:02] (current)
greenandblack [Social Ecology and Communalism]
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 {{ :​libertarian_socialism_version_2_0_by_mylittletripod-d7x8uf9.png?​nolink&​200|Libertarian Socialism Logo: a black star with a red fist and a yellow snake}} {{ :​libertarian_socialism_version_2_0_by_mylittletripod-d7x8uf9.png?​nolink&​200|Libertarian Socialism Logo: a black star with a red fist and a yellow snake}}
 As Solar Punk envisions a free and egalitarian world, its politics take the form of Libertarian Socialism; a group of anti-authoritarian political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects the conception of socialism as centralized state ownership and control of the economy. Libertarian socialism ​ criticizes wage labour relationships within the workplace, instead emphasizing workers'​ self-management of the workplace and decentralized structures of directly democratic political organization. It often rejects the state itself, and asserts that a society based on freedom and justice can be achieved through abolishing authoritarian institutions that control certain means of production and subordinate the majority to an owning class or political and economic elite. All of this is generally done within a general call for libertarian and voluntary human relationships through the identification,​ criticism, and practical dismantling of illegitimate authority in all aspects of human life. As Solar Punk envisions a free and egalitarian world, its politics take the form of Libertarian Socialism; a group of anti-authoritarian political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects the conception of socialism as centralized state ownership and control of the economy. Libertarian socialism ​ criticizes wage labour relationships within the workplace, instead emphasizing workers'​ self-management of the workplace and decentralized structures of directly democratic political organization. It often rejects the state itself, and asserts that a society based on freedom and justice can be achieved through abolishing authoritarian institutions that control certain means of production and subordinate the majority to an owning class or political and economic elite. All of this is generally done within a general call for libertarian and voluntary human relationships through the identification,​ criticism, and practical dismantling of illegitimate authority in all aspects of human life.
----- 
-===== Social Ecology and Communalism ===== 
-{{ :​communalism_according_to_bookchin_by_mylittletripod-d829twv.png?​nolink&​200|Communalism Logo: A black star outlined in red enclosed in a brown wheel with green spokes}} 
-[[Communalism]] is a system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are brought together in a confederation under the principles and practice of communal ownership. Social Ecology is its recognition of the often-overlooked fact that nearly all our present ecological problems arise from deep-seated social problems. ​ 
-  * [[http://​new-compass.net/​publications/​social-ecology-and-communalism|Social Ecology and Communalism]] - //Murray Bookchin// 
-  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​remaking-society-pathways-green-future|Remaking Society: Pathways to a Green Future]] - //Murray Bookchin// 
-  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​ecology-freedom-murray-bookchin|The Ecology of Freedom]] - //Murray Bookchin// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​ecologyoffreedom|Audiobook]]) 
-  * [[https://​www.filmsforaction.org/​articles/​communalism-a-liberatory-alternative/​|Communalism:​ A Liberatory Alternative]] - //Marcus & Stephanie Amargi// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​communalism-audio-pamphlet|Audiobook]]) 
-  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​murray-bookchin-toward-a-communalist-approach|Toward a Communalist Approach]] - //Murray Bookchin// 
- 
 ---- ----
  
 ===== Anarchism ===== ===== Anarchism =====
-{{ :​1200px-anarchy-symbol.svg.png?​nolink&​200|Anarchy Logo: A black letter A enclosed in a black circle }}+{{ :​1200px-anarchy-symbol.svg.png?​nolink&​175|Anarchy Logo: A black letter A enclosed in a black circle }}
 [[Anarchism]] is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative stateless societies, rejecting hierarchies they view as unjust. Anarchism holds capitalism, the state, and representative democracy to be undesirable,​ unnecessary and harmful. Anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, ranging from collectivism to individualism,​ not all of which are mutually exclusive. ​ [[Anarchism]] is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative stateless societies, rejecting hierarchies they view as unjust. Anarchism holds capitalism, the state, and representative democracy to be undesirable,​ unnecessary and harmful. Anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, ranging from collectivism to individualism,​ not all of which are mutually exclusive. ​
- +  * [[http://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​david-graeber-are-you-an-anarchist-the-answer-may-surprise-you|Are You An Anarchist? The Answer May Surprise You!]] - //David Graeber// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=-G19LwrJwkw|Audiobook]]) 
- +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​emma-goldman-anarchism-and-other-essays|Anarchism and Other Essays]] - //Emma Goldman// ([[https://​librivox.org/​anarchism-and-other-essays-by-emma-goldman-2/​|Audiobook]]) 
-=== Works === +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​alexander-berkman-what-is-communist-anarchism|What Is Communist Anarchism?​]] - //Alexander Berkman// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​playlist?​list=PLTeHv2rWFci71J6xKEGQXgwFECQhqIPcR|Audiobook]]) 
- +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​murray-bookchin-post-scarcity-anarchism|Post-Scarcity Anarchism]] - //Murray Bookchin// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=xG9HLYm3ZQ4|Audiobook]]) 
-  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​errico-malatesta-anarchy|Anarchy]] - //Errico Malatesta// ([[https://​librivox.org/​anarchy-by-errico-malatesta/​|Audiobook]])+  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​petr-kropotkin-the-conquest-of-bread|The Conquest of Bread]] - //Peter Kropotkin// ([[https://​librivox.org/​conquest-bread-2-by-peter-kropotkin/​|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​david-graeber-on-the-phenomenon-of-bullshit-jobs-a-work-rant|On The Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs]] - //David Graeber// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=z6cvmnKTJLA|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​henry-david-thoreau-civil-disobedience|Civil Disobedience]] - //Henry David Thoreau// ([[https://​librivox.org/​civil-disobedience-by-henry-david-thoreau/​|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​alfredo-m-bonanno-armed-joy|Armed Joy]] - //Alfredo M. Bonanno// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​ArmedJoy|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​neither-lord-nor-subject|Neither Lord Nor Subject]] - //Bao Jingyan// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=Gs23tDAaEho|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[http://​marx.libcom.org/​library/​god-and-state-mikhail-bakunin|God and the State]] - //Mikhail Bakunin// ([[https://​librivox.org/​god-and-the-state-by-mikhail-bakunin/|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​rudolf-rocker-anarchosyndicalism|Anarcho-Syndicalism]] - //Rudolf Rocker// ([[https://​www.youtube.com/​playlist?​list=PLTeHv2rWFci69UMKFFX7z0WfW_2SYLpqZ|Audiobook]])
   * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​peter-gelderloos-anarchy-works|Anarchy Works]] - //Peter Gelderloos//​   * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​peter-gelderloos-anarchy-works|Anarchy Works]] - //Peter Gelderloos//​
-  * [[https://​crimethinc.com/​tce/​|To Change Everything, an anarchist appeal]] - //​CrimethInc Ex-Workers Collective//​ 
-  * [[https://​zabalazabooks.files.wordpress.com/​2011/​08/​we_house_you_are_housed_they_are_homeless_ward.pdf|We House, You are Housed, They are Homeless]] - //Colin Ward// 
  
-=== Libraries === 
- 
-  * [[https://​itsgoingdown.org/​|It'​s Going Down]] 
-  * [[https://​www.anarchistlibraries.net/​libraries|Anarchist Libraries]] 
-  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​special/​index|The Anarchist Library]] 
-  * [[https://​library.nyc-lsc.org/​|The free digital library of the New York City Libertarian Socialist Caucus of the Democratic Socialists of America]] 
-  * [[https://​crimethinc.com/​library|CrimethInc Ex-Workers Collective'​s Online Reading Library]] 
-  * [[https://​www.youtube.com/​channel/​UCaO1QA8QL99_eb0XhJI2Fyw|AudibleAnarchist]] 
-  * [[https://​christiebooks.co.uk/​|Christie Books]] 
-  * [[https://​c4ss.org/​|Center for a Stateless Society]] 
- 
- 
-=== Dual Power and Infrastructure-as-Resistance === 
- 
-  * [[https://​dsa-lsc.org/​2018/​12/​31/​dual-power-a-strategy-to-build-socialism-in-our-time/​|Dual Power: A Strategy To Build Socialism In Our Time]] - //the Libertarian Socialist Caucus of the Democratic Socialists of America// 
-  * [[https://​outgrowingcapitalism.wordpress.com|Out-Growing Capitalism]] 
  
 ---- ----
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 {{ :​left_communism.png?​nolink&​200|}} {{ :​left_communism.png?​nolink&​200|}}
 [[leftcommunism|Left Communism]] refers to a broad scope of economic and political philosophies that emphasize the anti-authoritarian aspects of Marxism. Early currents of libertarian Marxism, known as left communism, emerged in opposition to Marxist-Leninist vanguardism,​ it is also often critical of reformist positions, such as those held by social democrats. Libertarian Marxist currents emphasize the Marxist belief in the ability of the working class to forge its own destiny without the need for a revolutionary party or state to mediate or aid its liberation. [[leftcommunism|Left Communism]] refers to a broad scope of economic and political philosophies that emphasize the anti-authoritarian aspects of Marxism. Early currents of libertarian Marxism, known as left communism, emerged in opposition to Marxist-Leninist vanguardism,​ it is also often critical of reformist positions, such as those held by social democrats. Libertarian Marxist currents emphasize the Marxist belief in the ability of the working class to forge its own destiny without the need for a revolutionary party or state to mediate or aid its liberation.
-[[https://​libcom.org/​library/libertarian-marxist-tendency-map|{{ :libmarx.png?​nolink&​375|}}]] +  * [[https://marx.libcom.org/files/Karl%20Marx-%20Wage%20Labour%20and%20Capital.pdf|Wage Labour and Capital]] - //Karl Marx// ([[https://librivox.org/​wage-labour-and-capital-by-marx-karl/​|Audiobook]]) 
-  * [[https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/61|Manifesto of the Communist Party]] - //Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels// ([[https://librivox.org/the-communist-manifesto-by-karl-marx-and-friendrich-engels/​|Audiobook]])+  * [[https://archive.org/details/cihm_76777/​page/​n9|Value, Price and Profit]] - //Karl Marx// ([[https://www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=ZFSVc7N9wY4|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​libcom.org/library/​reform-or-revolution-rosa-luxemburg|Reform or Revolution]] ​//Rosa Luxemburg// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​watch?​v=5mWTmnLH0ec|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://marx.libcom.org/​library/​nationalities-question-in-the-russian-revolution-luxemburg|The National Question]] ​- //Rosa Luxemburg//​ 
 +  * [[https://​www.marxistschool.org/​classdocs/​Philosophical_Manuscripts_1844.pdf|Economic & Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844]] - //Karl Marx// 
 +  * [[https://​en.wikisource.org/​wiki/​Critique_of_the_Gotha_Programme|Critique of the Gotha Programme]] - //Karl Marx// ([[https://​www.invidio.us/​playlist?​list=PL0-IkmzWbjoZ1cMLgKTMDjo3bkV37Dma0|Audiobook]]) 
 +  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​workers-councils-book-pannekoek|Workers Councils]] - //Anton Pannekoek//
   * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​capitalcritiqueo02marxiala|Capital]] - //Karl Marx// ([[https://​librivox.org/​capital-volume-1-by-karl-marx/​|Audiobook]])   * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​capitalcritiqueo02marxiala|Capital]] - //Karl Marx// ([[https://​librivox.org/​capital-volume-1-by-karl-marx/​|Audiobook]])
-  * [[http://www.afoiceeomartelo.com.br/posfsa/Autores/​Musto,​%20Marcello/​Karl%20Marx%C2%B4s%20Grundrisse%20-%20Foundations%20of%20the%20critique%20of%20political%20economy%20150%20years%20later.pdf|Grundrisse]] - //Karl Marx// +  * [[https://libcom.org/files/luxemburg%20the%20accumulation%20of%20capital.pdf|The ​Accumulation ​of Capital]] - //Rosa Luxemburg//
-  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​the-civil-war-in-france-karl-marx|The Civil War in France]] - //Karl Marx// +
-  * [[https://​www.marxistschool.org/​classdocs/​Philosophical_Manuscripts_1844.pdf|Economic & Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844]] - //Karl Marx// +
-  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​daniel-guerin-libertarian-marxism|Libertarian Marxism?]] - //Daniel Guérin// +
-  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​wayne-price-libertarian-marxism-s-relation-to-anarchism|Libertarian Marxism'​s Relation to Anarchism]] - //Wayne Price// +
- +
- +
-===== Other Tendencies ===== +
-==== Utopian Socialism ==== +
-{{ :​utopianism.png?​nolink&​200|Utopianism Logo: A red modified star with a blue filigree eye design over it, enclosed in a blue and red circle}} +
-Utopian socialism is the presentation of visions and outlines for imaginary or futuristic ideal societies, with positive ideals being the main reason for moving society in such a direction. Utopian socialists generally do not believe any form of class struggle is necessary for socialism to emerge, instead that people of all classes can voluntarily adopt their plan for society if it is presented convincingly. They feel their form of cooperative socialism can be established among like-minded people within the existing society and that their small communities can demonstrate the feasibility of their plan for society.  +
-  * [[https://​www.gutenberg.org/​ebooks/​2130|Utopia]] - //Thomas More// ([[https://​librivox.org/​utopia-by-thomas-more-tr-robinson/​|Audiobook]]) +
-  * [[http://​www.bilderberg.org/​land/​lawofree.htm|The Law of Freedom in a Platform]] - //Gerard Winstanley//​ +
-  * The Passions of the Human Soul and Their Influence on Society and Civilization [[https://​archive.org/​details/​ThePassionsOfTheHumanSoulAndTheirInfluenceOnSocietyAndCivilizationVolume1/​page/​n2|Volume 1]] and [[https://​archive.org/​details/​ThePassionsOfTheHumanSoulAndTheirInfluenceOnSocietyAndCivilizationVolume2/​page/​n2|Volume 2]] - //Charles Fourier// +
-  * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​TheTheoryOfTheFourMovementsByCharlesFourier|The Theory of Four Movements]] - //Charles Fourier// +
-  * [[https://​la.utexas.edu/​users/​hcleaver/​368/​368OwenNewViewtable.pdf|A New View of Society]] - //Robert Owen// +
- +
-==== Guild Socialism ==== +
-{{ :​guild_socialism.png?​nolink&​200|Guild Socialism Logo: A red star with a grey gear along its top 3 points, stamped on a brown shield}} +
-Guild socialism is a political movement advocating workers'​ control of industry through the medium of trade-related guilds "in an implied contractual relationship with the public"​. Guilds would not confine their demands to matters of wages and conditions but would seek to obtain control of industry for the workers whom they represented. Ultimately, industrial guilds would serve as the organs through which industry would be organised in a future socialist society.  +
-  * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​restorationofgil00pentrich/​page/​n8|Restoration of the Guild System]] - //Arthur Penty// +
-  * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​nationalguildsin00hobsiala|National Guilds]] - //Samuel George Hobson// +
-  * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​guildsocialismre00coleuoft|Guild Socialism Restated]] - //G.D.H. Cole// +
-  * [[https://​archive.org/​details/​selfgovernmentin00coleuoft/​page/​n8|Self Government in Industry]] - //G.D.H. Cole// +
- +
-==== Inclusive Democracy ==== +
-{{ :​d7y5gp7-b404ab49-bcd0-4829-9bbf-b01928fc243e.png?​nolink&​200|Inclusive Democracy Logo: Blue and red hands shaking in the centre of a black circle. The circle has differently colored spokes radiating out from it, which are in turn enclosed in an outer circle with two arrows pointing inwards}} +
-Inclusive Democracy is a project that aims for direct democracy; economic democracy in a stateless, moneyless and marketless economy; democracy in the social realm through self-management;​ and ecological democracy. +
- +
-  * [[http://​www.inclusivedemocracy.org/​fotopoulos/​english/​brbooks/​brtid/​brtid.htm|Towards an Inclusive Democracy]] - //Takis Fotopoulos//​ +
-  * [[http://​www.inclusivedemocracy.org/​journal/​ss/​ss.htm|The Multidimensional Crisis and Inclusive Democracy]] - //Takis Fotopoulos//​ +
-  * [[http://​www.inclusivedemocracy.org/​journal/​vol5/​Special_Issue_Winter_2009.pdf|Global Capitalism and the Demise of the Left]] - //Steve Best// +
- +
-==== Participism ==== +
-{{ :​participatory_society.png?​nolink&​200|Participism Logo: Four interlocking solid circles in different colors: black, pink, green, and red.}} +
-Participism consists of two independently created economic and political systems: participatory economics or "​parecon"​ and participatory politics or "​parpolity"​. Participism envisions remaking all of human society from the bottom up according to principles of direct participatory democracy and replacing economic and social competition with cooperation. Supporters of what is termed a "​participatory society"​ support the eventual dissolution of the centralized state, markets, and money.  +
- +
-  * [[http://​www.iopsociety.org/​download/​file/​Participatory-Politics_17-01-2013_18-19.docx|Participatory Politics]] - //Stephen Shalom// +
-  * [[http://​www.iopsociety.org/​download/​file/​An-Introduction-to-Participatory09Economicsbookformat-1-1_04-06-2013_15-22.pdf|Introduction to Participatory Economics]] - //Michael Albert & Robert Hahnel// +
-  * [[http://​gesd.free.fr/​albert.pdf|In Defense ​of Participatory Economics]] - //Michael Albert & Robert Hahnel//+
  
 +----
 +===== Social Ecology and Communalism =====
 +{{ :​communalism_according_to_bookchin_by_mylittletripod-d829twv.png?​nolink&​200|Communalism Logo: A black star outlined in red enclosed in a brown wheel with green spokes}}
 +[[Communalism]] is a system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are brought together in a confederation under the principles and practice of communal ownership. Social Ecology is its recognition of the often-overlooked fact that nearly all our present ecological problems arise from deep-seated social problems.
 +  * [[https://​www.filmsforaction.org/​articles/​communalism-a-liberatory-alternative/​|Communalism]] - //Marcus & Stephanie Amargi// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​communalism-audio-pamphlet|Audiobook]]) ​
 +  * [[http://​www.williamcronon.net/​writing/​Trouble_with_Wilderness_Main.html|The Trouble With Wilderness]] - //William Cronon// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​TheTroubleWithWilderness|Audiobook]])
 +  * [[http://​www.rainmagazine.com/​archive/​1992/​cities-against-centralization|Cities Against Centralization]] - //Greg Bryant//
 +  * [[https://​theanarchistlibrary.org/​library/​murray-bookchin-ursula-k-le-guin-the-next-revolution|The Next Revolution]] - //Murray Bookchin// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​thenextrevolution|Audiobook]])
 +  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​anthropology-utopia|The Anthropology of Utopia]] - //Dan Chodorkoff// ​
 +  * [[https://​libcom.org/​library/​ecology-freedom-murray-bookchin|The Ecology of Freedom]] - //Murray Bookchin// ([[https://​archive.org/​details/​ecologyoffreedom|Audiobook]])
  
 ---- ----
 +===== Further Reading =====
 +[[Tendencies|Other Tendencies]] of Libertarian Socialism include Utopianism, Guild Socialism, Inclusive Democracy, Participism and Neozapatismo. ​
politics.1557692057.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/05/12 20:14 by greenandblack